Power2X

DeepWind is now committed to forming specialist subgroups to offer member companies greater focus than can be achieved through general membership of the cluster. The aim is to provide added value to our members by concentrating on those areas of offshore wind which better match the skills and expertise possessed by subsets of our membership.  

  

Power2X Subgroup

In order to encourage innovation, members will come together under specialist subgroups in DeepWind to look at the opportunity for collaboration within the cluster. This page is dedicated to our Power2X Subgroup which is involved in looking at alternate products from offshore wind besides the normal electricity to the grid business model.
The X can stand for Gas or Liquid or any product such as green hydrogen, green ammonia or energy storage in general. It also covers the manufacture of green 'drop in' fuels such as methanol and jet fuel.  

The aim of the subgroup is to bring together our members expertise in offshore wind and marry that to the experience of our members from the oil and gas sector who already have knowledge of offshore gas production and gas transport. The subgroup does not want to stop there as we also want to include a further cross sector approach by adding members from the green hydrogen, green fuels and energy storage sectors to bring the necessary supply chain products and skills to enable the large scale production of such 'X' products from offshore wind.

Power2X Potential in Scotland
In early September 2020 the Offshore Wind Energy Council published a report looking at the potential for large scale green hydrogen production from offshore wind. The full report is available by clicking on this link - Offshore Wind and Hydrogen: -Solving the Integration Challenge.

This report highlights the huge wind resource available in UK waters as part of its key findings ‘The UK has outstanding OSW resource, with the potential for over 600GW in UK waters, and potentially up to 1000GW, well above the figure of 75-100GW likely to be needed for UK electricity generation by 2050’.

The bulk of this resource lies in Scottish waters and will require floating wind technology to tap a significant proportion of this resource.

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Modelled LCOE in UK waters - Image credit: ORE Catapult

The above map shows that the two lowest bands, £50/MWh and £60/MWh, correspond to a capacity of approximately 675GW. Should the next Contract for Difference round in the UK, due around September-October 2021, push prices lower still then the map will need to be updated again.

The opportunity for an offshore wind/hydrogen supply chain will be huge. Based on a predicted hydrogen demand of 130TWh to 200TWh in 2050, this would require between 40GW-60GW of offshore wind dedicated to just hydrogen production. There is also the opportunity to add further capacity to serve a wider Northern European market and create a green hydrogen export market in Scotland. This would result in a UK offshore wind market of up to 150GW by 2050.

Green Hydrogen Hubs  
Early stage hydrogen hub projects such as ORION in Shetland, HOP in Orkney and the Cromarty Hydrogen Hub are looking at offshore wind as the basis for large scale green hydrogen production.
DeepWind member ERM recently announced their floating wind to hydrogen Dolphyn project will be based off Aberdeen with the aim of supplying the city’s own Hydrogen Hub project and with the goal of having a 4GW project in place by 2034. ERM's FEED study decided that offshore production of hydrogen with a pipeline to shore was the most economic option compared to a subsea cable and onshore electrolysis. The Phase 1 Final Report for BEIS can be downloaded by clicking this link 

Hydrogen is also being looked at as part of the Energy Transition process required to deliver the UK Oil and Gas industry's target of a Net Zero Basin by 2035. A wind/hydrogen approach can deliver the necessary 24/7 offshore energy supply required by the sector to power their offshore production infrastructure.
Subgroup member TechnipFMC's Deep Purple project looks at large scale offshore hydrogen storage on the sea floor with the hydrogen being produced from offshore wind to provide stable power to such offshore infrastructure. The image below shows floating wind powering a floating electrolysis station with seabed hydrogen storage (shown in purple, of course) which in turn is powering nearby Oil and Gas platforms and subsea infrastructure. The project has now received funding from Innovate Norway for Phase 1 which will demonstrate some of the necessary technology onshore in the first instance. 

TechnipFMC Deep Purple project 
Image credit: TechnipFMC

Subgroup Industry Co-Chairs 
The subgroup Co-chairs are provided by Aker Solutions and Bilfinger Salamis who already have experience in Power to Gas and other technologies from the Power2X stable. This newly launched subgroup currently has 67 members but we are keen to grow this membership by adding companies from the oil and gas sector as well as more companies from the hydrogen production and energy storage supply chains.

New companies interested in joining this subgroup should complete our DeepWind membership form on our main cluster page here (click this link to open in new tab). Existing members can just flag up their interest in joining the subgroup to the cluster manager, Paul O'Brien.   

List of Power2X Subgroup members 

1 4C Engineering 35 Liberty Steel Dalzell
2 Abbey Ecosse 36 Linxon UK Ltd
3 Aberdeen City Council 37 Logan Energy
4 Aggreko 38 MacLean Electrical Group
5 Aker Offshore Wind 39 Mainstream Renewables
6 Aker Solutions 40 McDermott
7 Apollo 41 National Oilwell Varco
8 AqualisBraemar 42 Nevis Environmental
9 BatiGea Ltd 43 Opportunity North East
10 BayWa r.e. 44 Optimus
11 Bilfinger Salamis UK 45 Orlo
12 Caithness Engineering Services Ltd 46 Petrofac Facilities Management Ltd
13 Cetix Ltd 47 Port of Cromarty Firth
14 Crondall Energy 48 Principle Power
15 Dolfines SAS 49 Quaybridge
16 Dron & Dickson 50 RIDG
17 EC-OG 51 Royal Haskoning DHV
18 EDF Renewables 52 RSK Environmental
19 Element 2 Ltd 53 Scottish Enterprise
20 Enerpro 54 Scottish Development International
21 Environmental Resources Management Limited 55 Scottish Power Renewables
22 ESB 56 Sealand Projects
23 European Marine Energy Centre 57 Searchwise Aberdeen
24 Falck Renewables Wind Ltd 58 Semco Maritime
25 Floating Power Plant 59 sHYp BV Ltd
26 Freudenberg Oil & Gas Technologies 60 Siemens Subsea
27 Hartmann Valves and Wellheads 61 Talon Board Advisory
28 Highlands and Islands Enterprise 62 TechnipFMC
29 Hydrasun Ltd 63 Thornton Tomasetti
30 Hydrenor 64 Trac Oil & Gas Ltd
31 Hydrogen Accelerator 65 University of Edinburgh
32 Intertek Inspection Services UK Limited 66 Wood
33 JCE Energy Ltd 67 WPD Offshore Solutions GmbH
34 KBR