Floating Offshore Wind
Equinor's Hywind Scotland project is the largest floating wind farm in the world and, with Grupo Cobra's Kincardine project now under construction, Scotland will become home to the two largest floating offshore wind projects in the world. This pioneering of floating wind is set to continue with the 100MW Pentland project off Dounreay and 200MW Salamander project off Peterhead now in the early stages of the planning system in Scotland.
Further floating wind project announcements are expected over the summer months and will culminate towards year end or Quarter one next year in the ScotWind round leasing results with commercial scale projects expected to make up 20-30% of the total capacity.
Operational and Current Pipeline Projects
This table below shows a list of the all the projects in the Scottish offshore wind project pipeline, along with their current status, and the developers involved in delivering these projects.
Besides all of the projects in the table above the map below also shows the 15 sites currently in the adopted Sectoral Marine Plan for Offshore Wind (SMP). Final bids for leases on these sites were due at the end of March 2021 but the recent outcome of the Round 4 UK leases and the high level of Option Fee bids has resulted in Crown Estate Scotland having to pause the leasing round for further evaluation. This was resolved and the ScotWind application closing date was July 16th. Crown Estate Scotland have received 74 bids from various consortia and individual developers reflecting the tremendous interest in the Scottish offshore wind sector.
Crown Estate Scotland started the process for the new ScotWind round on the 10th of June, 2020 for developers to register their interest. This registration window closed on the 5th of August 2020. Next was the applications for Option Agreements on seabed leases for interested developers to bid on by the 16th of July 2021 closing date based on the 15 sites in the final version of the SMP. This will form the basis of the next leasing round in Scotland and successful applicants will be announced in January 2022. More information on the ScotWind leasing round can be found in Crown Estate Scotland's Launch Summary document.
The aim of this leasing round is to deliver another 8-10GW of offshore wind which will see the Scottish capacity target increase to 18-20GW, the bulk of which should be delivered by 2027-32. Many of the 15 sites have water depths in excess of 60m and therefore lend themselves to floating offshore wind projects. This first ScotWind round, with more to follow, will therefore lead to the development of some of the first commercial scale floating wind projects in the world.